Yingpan Man
Human Mummy
Yingpan Man.jpg
Biographical Information
Name(s) unknown
Age ~30
Sex m
Culture Indo-European
Date(s) fourth or early fifth century A.D.
Site Tarim Basin
Current Location
Catalog #

Yingpan Man was discovered in 1995 in the Tarim Basin of the Xinjiang province of China. He dates to around the fourth or early fifth century A.D. Yingpan Man was a Caucasian male who is noted as being one of the tallest discovered mummies, as he measures over six feet tall. He had brown hair that was worn in a  knot, or bun, on the top of his head.


Yingpan Man died around his mid-thirties. However, it is not clear as to how he died and whether or not it was of natural cause.


Yingpan Man was discovered with a white mask upon his face, with a golden diadem across the upper forehead. In addition to this, the clothing he wore was of red, deep purple and gold colour. They comprised of a belted woolen caftan, a pair of embroidered pants and decorative footwear. The material and colour of his clothing display wealth. This is a reflection of the area where he was discovered, and how at the time of his existence it was a part of the "Silk Road". The Silk Road served as a connection between China and the Mediterranean world. It is believed that his clothing is an example of what would have been woven in the Eastern Roman Empire, and traded to the Tarim Basin. Due to the fact that he was buried with this clothing, it has been presumed that he not only was a man of wealth, but one of the tradesman along the Silk Road.


See also Cherchen Man, Tarim Mummies, andCherchen Mummies.


Mair, V. H. (n.d.). The mummies of east central Asia. Expedition, 52. Retrieved from http://penn.museum/documents/publications/expedition/PDFs/52-3/mair.pdf

Pringle, H. (2010, March 29). Yingpan man’s fabulous wealth. Retrieved from http://archive.archaeology.org/blog/yingpan-mans-fabulous-wealth/

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