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Unnamed Woman (Mery)
Human Mummy
Unnamed
Biographical Information
Name(s) "Mery"
Age 50-60
Sex f
Status
Height 4 foot 8 the coffin measured H: 65 3/4 x W: 18 1/8 x D: 10 13/16 in. (167 x 46 x 27.5 cm)
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 850 and 750 BC
Site Deir el-Bahri
Current Location
Location Walters Art Museum, Baltimore
Catalog # 79.1
Found in western Thebes at Deir el-Bahri, and dating to the 2nd half 9th or 1st half 8th century BC (Third Intermediate Period) this Unnamed Woman is encased in a human-shaped cartonnage, is composed of layers of linen and plaster. The mummy was excavated between 1930 and 1931 in Deir el-Bahari, Western Thebes by the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Egyptian expedition. It entered the Walters’ collection in 1941 by exchange with the Metropolitan Museum of Art and due to a lack of identifying inscriptions has no name.

Mummification

She was buried in cartonnage to long for her leading researchers to speculate that only cartonnages and coffins of standard sizes were available, and a special production would have been too expensive for her family. Or the intention was to provide the woman with an ideal height for her eternal life.

Studies

The human-shaped covering, called "cartonnage," is composed of layers of linen and plaster. Its painted decoration includes the floral wreath on the wig, a broad collar, and a winged scarab beetle. Five additional registers of decoration show the protective four sons of Horus, the sacred boat of the funerary-deity Sokar, a mummy of Osiris on a funerary bed, a divine falcon god, and a short hieroglyphic text with an offering formula.

In 2008 they performed a CT scan on the mummy. A woman between 50 and 60 years old when she died, measuring 57 3/8 inches.

Pathology

She suffered from severe dental problems, including at least sixteen abscesses, and one tooth had a dental prosthesis probably made from resin. Such dental problems possibly led to septicemia and death.

Additional

She has been nicknamed Mery, meaning “the beloved” in ancient Egyptian.

External Links

https://thewalters.org/exhibitions/mummified/

https://www.antiquetrader.com/museums/look_inside_a_mummy_at_the_walters_museum/

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