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Ukhhotep II
Ukhhotep II
Biographical Information
Name(s) Ukhhotep II
Age Deceased
Sex Male
Status Nomarch of Cusae (14th nome)
Height Unknown
Source
Culture Ancient Egyptian (Middle Kingdom)
Date(s) 1981-1802BC
Site
Current Location
Location Burial: Tomb 52 in Meir
Catalog #
Ukhhotep II was a nomarch of the 14th nome (Cusae) during the reign of Pharaoh Senusret I of the 12th Dynasty. A Nomarch was an Ancient Egyptian provincial governor, and there was 42 of them, one for each nome/region of the country. Some of his many roles included royal sealer, chief lector priest, overseer of the priests and true King's acquaintance. 

Ukhhotep II was the son of Senebi I who was also a nomarch and his wife Lady Mersi. Ukhhotep II had two wives and the most well known of the two is Djehutyhotep. Together they had at least two children who were named in honour of his parents, which was common practice at the time. 

Ukhhotep II is well known for tomb B2 in which he was buried. This tomb is located in Meir and was excavated in the early 20th century by Aylward M. Blackman. The room is approximately 2.7m tall, and can be entered through a small undecorated door. Within the tomb there are many reliefs which are carved art pieces in which the design physically pops out from the base although it is of the same material. Some of these images include offerings as well as an image of Ukhhotep sitting with Djehutyhotep. People propose that the tomb displays many pieces of realism showing herdsmen in distress and starvation as well as a man who has fallen down trampled by the load he was carrying. This tomb was also seperated by a thin wall and on the other side lay his father, Senebi I.  

Mummification

Although no direct info is provided on the specific mummification of Ukhhotep II, it can be assumed that many of the processes used were reflective of the time period he died in. In the middle kingdom (2100-1700 BCE), there was a shift in the technique used while displaying the external appearance of the mummies. They decided to no longer preserve the organs openly outside of the mummy's body. Instead, they added excessive layers of padding and wrapping forming the mummy into a cylindrical shape. Next they place a powerful looking mask over the head and shoulders. The intention of this step was to create a simulacrum (representation) of the God of the Dead-Osris. 

There was a vast amount of mummification experimentation during the middle kingdom. Some mummies were treated with tree oil to partially dissolve the viscera (intestines). The skin was dehydrated with natron and sometimes coated with resin. The brain was commonly left in place, but in some cases it was removed through the nose following the break of the ethmoid bone. A probe was stuck up to break decaying brain tissue which was then allowed to flow out of the nose.

 Additional

In Ukhhotep's Statue, he is seen with his two wives and one of his children in front of him. They are displayed wearing traditional Egyptian clothing and wigs.

1912: statue was purchased in Asyut for the Walters Art Gallery

1973: acquired by the MFA by exchange.

 External Links

Information on the tomb, how to get there, as well as information on the surrounding tombs of other Ancient Egyptian Officials.

https://egyptsites.wordpress.com/2009/02/12/meir/

What is a Nomarch? p.p1 http://www.ancientegyptianfacts.com/ancient-egypt-nomarch.html

References

Dodson, A., (2008). Embalming in Egypt. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medecine in Non-Western Cultures. Page 743-748. https://link-springer-com.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-4425-0_8562

(2017). Ukhhotep II. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukhhotep_II

(2017). Group statue of Ukhhotep II and his family. MFA for educatorshttp://educators.mfa.org/ancient/group-statue-ukhhotep-ii-and-his-family-68667

 

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