Tutu (Princess Menne)
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Tutu (Princess Menne)
Age 40s
Sex Female
Status High, Princess
Height Unspecified
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 332 BC
Site Faiyum, Egypt
Current Location
Location Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art
Catalog # Unknown
Tutu was originally known as Princess Menne. However, in 1992, Dr. Emily Teeter of the Oriental Institute in Chicago translated the hieroglyphics on her breastplate and concluded her actual name was Tutu. Tutu was in her 40’s when she died, and she had given birth. She died in approximately 332 BC in the Ptolemaic Period, and was found in the Faiyum area of Egypt, near the Pyramid of Hawara-el-Market.


Tutu's brain was removed via the nose, and the bones in the nasal passages had been broken. Her arms were folded over her chest as is consistent with high status mummification. Her organs were removed and separately mummified, and wwo bundles of mummified organs are located in her chest cavity. Her mouth was opened to allow evil spirits to escape from the body and to allow her ka to partake in the food and drinks left in her tomb.


Tutu was gifted to the Glen Island museum in 1898. In 1921, the contents of the bankrupt Glen Island
museum were auctioned and Fr. Gerrer purchased Tutu for the museum. Tutu was x-rayed in 1963 at the University of Oklahoma Medical School and again in 1991 at Shawnee Medical Center Hospital. In 1993, Bob Pickering, then of the Denver Museum of Natural History, analyzed the x-rays and CT scans.


Tutu's back shows that she suffered from arthritis. She retained most of her teeth, contrary to the poor diet of the time.


Tutu's heiroglyphics also reveal that her father was Pahor and her mother was Neferseneb. The prayers on the breastplate invoke Osiris and Sokar, (a god of the underworld and sometimes incarnation of Osiris), asking for "good burial" and mentioning that bread, beer, oxen, and fowl were left as offerings.


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