| Sobekneferu |
|Date(s)||1806–1802 BC (12th Dynasty)|
Sobekneferu aka Neferusobek was a Queen-Pharoah and the 8th ruler of the 12th Dynasty. Probably the daughter of Amenemhet III and the half sister of Amenemhet IV. Sobekneferu had a brief rule as Egypt's first confirmed female Pharaoh. Sobekneferu ruled at the end of the Twelfth Dynasty. Some have suggested that she ruled alongside Amenemhat III and/or Amenemhat IV. According to tradition, she ruled independently. The Turin Canon gives a rule of almost 4 years.
Sobekneferu died without an heir, thus, ending the 12th dynasty and beginning the transition into the 13th dynasty. Sobekneferu is the first-known woman that ruled Egypt, even though she is not well known, she is a very important part of the 12th Dynasty.
Nothing is known of Sobekneferu's death or burial. Her burial place has not been confirmed. No mummy has been identified as hers. It is often suggested that a badly damaged pyramid complex near that of Amemenhat IV at Mazghuna may be hers, but there is no evidence to back this up. The Mazghuna structure was excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1911. The pyramid had not been completed and never used.