Beneficent Ruler
Biographical Information
Name(s) Soris
Age 73
Sex Male
Status Elite
Height unknown
Culture Ancient Egypt
Date(s) 2620-2547 BC
Site Dashur Pyramid
Current Location
Location Qasr Al Aini, Cairo
Catalog # none
Also known as Snefru, Snofru, Snefrue, and Soris. He is credited as being the first pharaoh of Egypt's 4th Dynasty.(c. 2575–c. 2465 BCE). He was almost certainly married to Hetepheres I, she was the mother of his son, Khufu.

He built the Red and Bent Pyramids at Dahshur. The Bent Pyramid was the first true pyramid planned from the outset, while the Red Pyramid is the first successful true pyramid built in Egypt.


Sneferu was given standard Ancient Egyptian mummification procedures. The mummification process took seventy days. The brain was removed by carefully inserting a hook-like devise up through the nostrils in order to pull out sections of brain tissue, the organs of the abdomen and the chest would then be removed through a cut made on the left side of thee body. The heart was thought to be the center of a person's being so it was left intact. The other organs were preserved separately in canopic jars.

Next all moisture would be removed and a drying salt would be added allowing packets of natron, the packets and natron would be removed leaving a dried-out body. Sunken areas were filled for a more life-like appearance. Then wrapping took place in which each mummy needed hundreds of yards of linen. In order to protect the dead from misfortune, amulets were placed among the wrappings and prayers and magical words written on some of the linen strips. A mask would be placed on the layers of bandages on the face. Coats of warm resin would be applied between layers of bandages. Lastly, the priests wrapped the final cloth or shroud in place and secured it with linen strips.


Sneferu's body was believed to be found in his Red Pyramid, yet due to archaeological site delays there has yet to be a proper pathological profile completed on the body. It is believed he was actually interred in the Red Pyramid at Dahshur. In the 1950s, the remains of a mummy were found of a man past middle age.


The king also had two 'lesser wives' but their names are unknown. Having several wives in the Royal Harem enabled the pharaoh to maintain his line of succession.


Egyptian Mummies. (n.d.). Retrieved November 02, 2017, from

Chronicle of the Pharaohs (The Reign-By-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt) Clayton, Peter A. 1994 Thames and Hudson Ltd

King Snefru. (n.d.). Retrieved November 02, 2017, from

Sneferu, Pharaoh of Egypt. (2016, April 30). Retrieved November 02, 2017, from

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