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Siberian Mummy
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Siberian Mummy or "Kyys"
Age estimated 19.6 (at death)
Sex Female
Status elite
Height 146 cm
Culture Yakut
Date(s) buried in 1728, discovered in 2006
Site Kyys Ounouoga (Tchouraptcha, in the central part of Sakha


Current Location
Location Kyys Ounouoga
Catalog # N/A

The mummy is thought to be a woman shaman. She was found with three layers of clothes and two leather cords surrounded her. Found in The Grave of Kyys Ounouogha (“the tomb of the young woman") by a joint French-Russian team in Yakutia in northeastern Russia.


She was naturally mummified by frost, and buried in a high quality coffin with burial furniture and clothes.


The mummy had a cord wrapped around her body, tying her legs, and her hands were bound, her fingers sewn into the cuffs of her coat.

Cause of death was probably disseminated infection, and tuberculosis bacteria was found in her body.

She wore a belt of blue beads, copper, and surprisingly untarnished silver.


Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) revealed no obvious traumatic lesions. Some pathological findings were interpreted as possibly post-infectious. Analysis of the surface skin was very difficult due to the metallic artefacts (jewels and pearls) embroidered on the clothes. It was not possible to exclude any skin rupture, stab wound or cervical skin lesions. The pathological findings included an encysted left pleural mass with fat densities suggesting empyema, a fatty calcified mass anterior to the right iliac muscle, ankylosis of the left sacroiliac joint with complete joint fusion without sequestra. The first hypothesis made was concerning the cause of death and was potentially a death secondary to a disseminated infectious disease.


As was promised to the local indigenous group, the mummy was reinterred in her burial site after being studied, her coffin rewrapped in the birch bark it was found in.

Evidence suggests she was an udagan or dark shaman, which may explain the binding, as those who buried her were afraid of her.


Dedouit, F., Géraut, A., Baranov, V., Ludes, B., Rougé, D., Telmon, N., & Crubézy, E. (2010). Virtual and macroscopical studies of mummies-differences or complementarity? Report of a natural frozen Siberian mummy. Forensic science international200(1-3), 13–7. doi:http//