Sharuna Mummy
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) W19
Age 2,000 years
Sex Unknown
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 2010
Site Kom al-Ahmar/Sharuna necropolis
Current Location
Location Egypt
Catalog #

In 2010, archaeologists excavating the site of the Kom al-Ahmar/Sharuna necropolis in Egypt came across the remains of several mummies, one of which had a skull displaying clear blood vessel imprints. A part of a male's brain or meninges was pressed up against his skull, in perfect conditions, allowing for the vessels to be imprinted on the skull. It was easy to tell the pattern and size of the vessels. Even though the brain is usually removed during mummification, the meninges stayed intact, which allowed for the imprint. This is an extremely rare case.


The mummy was preserved using bitumen. Usually, the brain in removed through the nasal cavity, then the cranial cavity is cleaned. In this case it is possible that a part of the brain was left intact, leading to the imprint.


This 2,000-year-old skull recovered at the necropolis is the oldest case of mummified vascular prints documented.



The mummy is identified as W19.

External Links

Griggs, M. (2014). Blood Vessels Left Imprint on 2,000 Year Old Mummy. Smithsonian. Retrieved 18 March 2017, from

Isidro, A., Gonzálvezb, L., & Arboixc, A. (2010). Brain vessels mummification in an individual of ancient Egypt. Retrieved 18 March 2017, from

Sinpetru, L. (2014). This 2,000-Year-Old Mummy's Brain Left Imprints on the Inside of His Skul. Softpedia. Retrieved 18 March 2017, from

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