|Roman Era Woman |
|Location||Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art, Oklahoma|
A female mummy from the el Hiba area near Faiyum, Egypt. She died and was mummified in the second century AD during the Roman domination of Egypt.
The brain and the internal organs were not removed from the mummy. Possibly because of her lower status and possibly the fact that the technique of mummification was no longer widely practiced as Roman burial traditions were taking over in Egypt.
The mummy's sarcophagus is adorned with a combination of hieroglyphics and hieratic signs but her name is not listed.
The degredation of the mummification ritual can also be seen in the illustrations on the sarcophagus. The upper register shows Anubis at left and center, both in his human/jackal and jackal forms. It is unclear which god is represented by the beast-head figure on the right. Beneath, the artist attempted to illustrate the four sons of Horus. There should be an ape, a jackal, a human and a falcon, but there is more than one falcon. The names are also incorrect as Qebehsenuef (normally a falcon) is labeled Dwumutef (normally a jackal); the upper right figure is labeled Imseti (normally a man) and the upper left is labeled Hapi (normally an ape).