Ramesses III defended his country against foreign invasion in three great wars, thus ensuring tranquillity during much of his reign. In his final years, however, he faced internal disturbances, and he was ultimately killed in an attempted coup d’état.
Ramesses III was known to have multiple wives in which he created an environment for himself which embodied a harem. One of Ramesses III's minor wives, Tiy, hatched a plot to kill him with the aim of placing her son, prince Pentawere, on the throne. In a document known as the Harem Conspiracy Papyrus, her role is discussed. Her name is provided in the text, but the other conspirators are called by names that indicate the great evil of their crime, such as 'Mesedsure,' meaning "Re hates him".
The pharaoh had ruled the kingdom for 31 years and following his passing, Egypt was put into great turmoil. Egypt began to suffer economic problems for it was put at a disadvantage during the revolution of the Iron Age for not having any sources of ore.
Ramesses III was buried in tomb KV11 which is located in the Valley of the Kings. The creation of the tomb was said to have been started up by his father, Setnakhte, but was abandoned after it had broken down. It was then rebuilt for Ramesses III.
Researchers performed a CT scan and discovered a deep cut in his throat which was deep enough to be fatal. Upon discovering the cut they also discovered an amulet lodged in the esophagus. The amulet was believed to possess healing abilities so it was placed in the throat to try and restore the wound.