Psusennes I
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Psusennes I or Psibkhanno or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I
Age elderly
Sex m
Status royal
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1047 BC
Site Tanis
Current Location
Location Egyptian Museum in Cairo
Catalog #
Son of Pinedjem I, High Priest of Amen Re and Duathathor-Henuttawy. Husband of Wiay and Mutnodjmet, Queen of Egypt. 21st dynasty Pharaoh of the Third Intermediate Period. Psusennes I ruled from approximately 1047 to 1002. He was the longest reigning Pharaoh in Egyptian history.


The pharaoh's fingers and toes had been encased in gold stalls, and he was buried with gold sandals on his feet. The finger stalls are the most elaborate ever found, with sculpted fingernails. Each finger wore an elaborate ring of gold and lapis lazuli or some other semiprecious stone. Psusennes was interred in an inner silver coffin inlaid with gold, over his head was a gold funerary mask. Silver was an altogether rarer and more precious commodity than gold which was far more readily available to ancient Egyptians.


He had badly abscessed teeth and arthritis in his back which would have caused him pain in late life.


In 1940, French archaeologist Pierre Montet discovered pharaoh Psusennes' intact tomb (No.3 or NRT III) in Tanis.

The Pharaoh's silver anthropoid coffin was found within a pink granite coffin, which in turn was encased in a granite sarcophagus. The mummy of Psusennes had not survived, only skeletal remains.

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