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Panechates
Human Mummy
Panechates
Biographical Information
Name(s) Panechates
Age 7-8 years of age
Sex Male
Status Of noble descent, son of Hatres
Height 108cm
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) Purchased in 1915
Site Luxor, Egypt
Current Location
Location Museum of Vancouver
Catalog # QFA 223

Panechates, son of Hatres died in the late 2nd to mid first century BCE. Allegedly found in a rock cut tomb about a mile from the Valley of the Kings by a antiquities dealer, the mummy was sold to Dr George Kidd in 1915. He removed the linen from the head and neck, and found reddish brown hair, cut short, except behind, where there was a long tuft.

His name, printed in Greek on the linens in which he was mummified, was originally misinterpreted to be Diana. This lead researchers to believe that he was female. Upon CT scans, x-rays and other research conducted in 1950, the mummy was found to be male, and the name was reinterpreted to be Panechates.

Mummification

The boy was mummified respectfully after his death, in the expensive methods practiced by upper class Egyptians. He was buried in Thebes after being wrapped in expensive linens, with his name, and 'Son of Hatres' written on the front of his wrapping. His head and chest were hollow, chest cavity having been stuffed with linens. He was not buried with any jewels.

Studies

Panechates has been continually re-examined as technology has developed, which has allowed scientists to refine their initial assumptions about his case. When he was first presumed to be approximately 10 years of age at his death, the museum of Vancouver now says that he was 7-8 based on studies of his teeth and bones. He is now said to have died in the 1st or 2nd century BCE,

Pathology

A fracture to his skull was severe. The injuries have long led to speculation of murder, but his death may well have been an accident.

He had healthy-looking teeth that could indicate he had good nutrition.

References

Kidd, G. (1925). Personal Account of the Acquisition of the Mummy. The Museum Monthly Journal. Retrieved from https://museumofvancouver.ca/sites/default/files/MOVedu%20Panechates%20Story.pdf

Mummified Boy (Panechates). The Museum of Vancouver. Retrieved from https://homequest.deltasd.bc.ca/wp-content/uploads/sites/37/2019/04/Panechates-Story.pdf

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