Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Nodjmet or Nedjmet
Age older
Sex f
Status elite
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1064 BC
Site Deir El-Bahari, Egypt
Current Location
Catalog #
Nodjmet was an ancient Egyptian noble lady of the late 20th or early 21st dynasties of Egypt, the wife of Herihor, High Priest of Amun at Thebes.

Nodjmet may have been a daughter of Ramesses XI. Early in her life, she held titles such as Lady of the House and Chief of the Harem of Amun. Nodjmet had several children: Heqanefer, Heqamaat, Ankhefenmut, Faienmut, and the future High Priest of Amun/Pharaoh Pinedjem I.

When around 1070 BCE her husband died, Herihor was proposed as his successor; Nodjmet, however, managed to keep her prerogatives marrying this man. Later, Herihor claimed “kingship” – although only inside the borders of the Temple of Amun at Karnak – Nodjmet effectively became his “queen”.


Nodjmet was one of the first mummies discovered at the Deir el-Bahari cache (TT320) in the 19th century. The body is that of an old woman. She had been embalmed with a new mummification technique which involved the use of fake eyes and the packing of the limbs. The fake eyes were constructed out of black and white stones, in order to give the mummy a more life-like appearance. Her limbs and face were also coloured to show appearance of liveliness. Although Nodjmet was an old woman, a wig and false eyebrows (made out of human hair) were placed to achieve a look of youthfulness.

With her mummy two Books of the Dead were found. One of them, Papyrus BM 10490, now in the British museum, belonged to “the King’s Mother Nodjmet, the daughter of the King’s Mother Hrere”. Whereas the name of Nodjmet was written in a cartouche, the name of Herihor was not. This papyrus also depicts Nodjmet's relationship with Herihor. It shows a scene of Nodjmet and Herihor making an offering to Isis, Osiris, and the four sons of Horus.


The body of Nodjmet's husband, Herihor, was not found in the Deir el-Bahari cache. It has yet to be found.

Nodjmet's body was disturbed in modern times. She has gashes on her forehead, nose, and cheeks from when thieves searched her body for valuables. The impression of jewelry on her right arm indicates that some valuables were stolen.

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