Neu Versen Man
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Neu Versen Man or Roter Franz
Age unknown
Sex male
Status unknown
Height unknown
Culture Unknown
Date(s) 220-430CE
Site Bourtanger Moor, Lower Saxony
Current Location
Location Lower Saxony State Museum (Hannover, Germany)
Catalog #

The Neu Versen Man, also known as Roter Franz (Red Franz in English), was discovered in 1900 in the Bourtanger Moor on the border of Germany and the Netherlands.


Roter Franz died in the Bourtanger Moor, on what is now the border of Germany and the Netherlands, sometime between 220 and 430 during the Iron Age. The name Roter Franz is derived from the red hair and beard. He was deliberately killed, his throat was slit and had an arrow wound on his shoulder.


The tannic acid in the bog's water turns the remains reddish brown, the reason for his nickname "Red Franz". Soft tissue remained on the back of his neck and shoulders, in which they discovered a gash.

Scientists discovered “rider’s facets” on his thigh bones, protrusions caused by repetitive use of the muscles and connective tissues in the hip, which can result from continuous horseback riding. It was also found that he had a long-healed injury to his upper arm, and a broken (and healed) collarbone.

External Links


62.^ Jump up to: a b J. van der Plicht, W. A. B. van der Sanden, A. T. Aerts and H. J. Streurman, "Dating bog bodies by means of 14C-AMS", Journal of Archaeological Science Volume 31, Issue 4, April 2004, Pages 471–491\^

"Violence in the Bogs ", Bodies of the Bogs, Archaeological Institute of America, 10 December 1997

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.