Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Nesmutaatneru
Age unknown
Sex Female
Status Elite
Height 151 cm (59 7/16in.)
Culture Ancient Egypt
Date(s) 760-660 B.C
Site Temple of Hatshepsut
Current Location
Location Egyptian Funerary Arts Gallery (Mummies)
Museum of Fine Arts
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Catalog # 95.1407a

Nesmutaatneru was found in Thebes, Deir el-Bahari, Temple of Hatshepsut. It was escalated by Edouard Naville for the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1895. The mummy is believed to be from the Late Period, Dynasty 25 (760-660 B.C.).


Nesmutaatneru, daughter of Tjaenwaset and Neskhonpakhered, mother of Djeddjehutyiuefankh, was an elderly woman who suffered form extensive dental disease, including a molar abscess extending into the jaw. Her advanced age is indicated by arthritic changes in the neck.


The mummy is wrapped in linen and covered with a bead work shroud, possibly to imitate the dresses worn by divinities. Internal organs were removed, preserved, and stored in canopic jars outside of the mummy case. The body was dehydrated with natron salts and wrapped in yards of linen. This process took about 3 months and was accompanied by many rituals invoking the aid of gods to ensure a safe passage to the afterlife.The remaining were placed on a coffin. The coffin is rectangular with a vaulted lid and four corner posts. The lid and sides are made of sycamore and are undecorated, while other corner posts and framing are made of reddish wood, with bands of inscription in white. A figure of a jackal, painted black, is affixed to the lid at the foot end of the coffin.


  • The rectangular coffin is inscribed with standard offering formulae, addressed to Osiris, Ptah-Sokar, Re-Horakhty, and Atum.
  • A figure of the god Anubis as a jackal sits on the lid.
  • This Egyptian mummy appeared in two children's television programs on the Public Broadcasting Service which were "Reading Rainbow" (1989) and "Fetch! with Ruff Ruffman" (2010).

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