Nesi Hensu
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Nesi Hensu aka The Zegreb Mummy or The Mummy of Zegreb
Age mid 30s
Sex female
Status merchant
Culture Greco-Egyptian
Date(s) 305 - 30 BC
Site unknown
Current Location
Location National Museum of Archeology in Zagreb, Croatia
Catalog #
Nesi Hensu was a young woman of Thebes, the wife of Paher-hensu, a "divine tailor," possibly a priest of the god Khun. When she died, she was fortuitously buried with a papyrus, written in hieratic, damaged, but from the legible sections it identified her. Her wrappings, however became far more famous than she, and Etruscan book now known as 'Liber linteus' had been cut up and used as her burial shroud. It is the longest preserved text known in the Etruscan language. The mummy was also accompanied, as part of the funerary goods of the deceased woman, by a papyrus with a text of several chapters from the Book of the Dead.

Liber Linteus

In 1998, Dr. Nazzareno Gabrielli from the Institute of Scientific Research of the Vatican Museum undertook a complicated restoration, preserving the body of the mummy from further decay.


Mummified as a standard Egyptian practice at the time of her death.


Scholars believe Nesi-hensu and the linen are not connected, that she was Egyptian and had no Etruscan ties, it was probably a case of linen recycling.

The body was also accompanied by an example of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, known as Papyrus Zagred 602.


Her hair, curled in Roman style, is colored red with henna. She has all of her teeth. Her finger and toe nails are apparently painted orange, and she was buried in her shoes, fragments of which cling to her feet. On her forehead is a small piece of gilded material, probably the remains of a headdress.

External Links

The Etruscan Collection. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2015, from

The Liber Linteus: An Egyptian Mummy Wrapped in a Mysterious Message. (2015, February 18). Retrieved December 2, 2015, from

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