Human Mummy
The mummified head, and lungs in a conopic jar
Biographical Information
Name(s) Nebiri
Age 45 to 60 years old at death
Sex Male
Status Elite
Height Unknown
Culture Ancient Egypt
Date(s) 1479 to 1424 BC
Site Valley of the Queens
Current Location
Location Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy
Catalog #

This mummy was found by Egyptologist Ernesto Schiaparelli in 1904 in a looted tomb in the Valley of the Queens, Luxor. Unfortunately, the only parts of the mummy remaining are the head and several internal organs in canopic jars.


The head was left almost completely unwrapped, but is still in very good condition. Most of the brain was removed during mummification, and the skull and face were stuffed with linen. The organs were placed in canopic jars.


His canopic jar inscribed for Hapy, the guardian of the lungs, was broken exposing the contents, researchers were allowed direct access for sampling in 2015. Evidence of edema or fluid collected in the lung’s air sacs.


Nebiri suffered from severe periodontal disease with abscesses. Researchers think the cause of Nebiri’s heart failure was hypertension.


The mummy of Nebiri is the earliest mummy to show signs of heart failure.

External Links

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.