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Nefret-Mut
Human Mummy
NefretMut
Biographical Information
Name(s) Nefret-Mut
Age 33
Sex Female
Status Singer
Height 4'11"
Source
Culture
Date(s) Discovered in 1906, approximately 2900 years old
Site Excavation site
Current Location
Location Egypt
Catalog #
Nefret-Mut was a singer in a temple in Thebes, was 4 foot 11 inches, and died at age 33.

Mummification

Nefret-Mut was found near two coffins - one made for a woman and one made for a man. In 2007 scientists confirmed that Nefret-Mut was a woman and therefore, which coffin was hers. Words on the coffin read "Nefret-Mut", meaning "beautiful one of the goddess Mut". Her internal organs and tongue had been removed prior to mummification. 

Studies

Her body was discovered in Egypt in 1906, and it was brought to the Royal Ontario Museum in 1914. Scientists determined that she lived 2900 years ago.

It was discovered that she had lived around 3,000 years ago (around 945 BCE, during the 22nd Dynasty) and with the use of CT scans and other modern day technology some of her past was previously revealed. It was discovered that while she was mummified and her internal organs were removed that her tongue had also been taken out which is not consistent with mummification as Early Egyptians believed they would need their tongue to introduce themselves in the next life.

Pathology

The cause of death has not been determined but CT scans of her body and wrappings revealed that she lived around 945 BCE. She was approximately 4-foot-11, had had children, and died at about age 33.

Additional

There were messy hieroglyphics painted onto the coffin in childish writing, where her name would have been, but it was not legible.

While examining her coffin painted flowers were used as a female determinative and an image of the woman was painted on the front. Beside it was written her real name, Nefert-Mut.

Researchers called her Justine until her real name was translated.

External Links

https://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/mysterious-rom-mummy-was-a-singer-named-nefret-mut-1.2076943

https://www.rom.on.ca/en/blog/introducing-nefret-mut-0

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