| Mummy 1770 |
In 1975, it was decided to autopsy a mummy which would allow visual and anatomical techniques to provide a baseline for the more advanced imaging and analytical methods that the team wanted to use in the future. Once those methods were proven, they could be applied to other mummies with confidence that a less destructive approach. The team chose Mummy 1770 for a combination of reasons; it was badly preserved, and it had never been and was unlikely ever to be placed on display. The x-rays showed that this mummy had some unusual features that meant the autopsy would not only allow new techniques to be tested, but would allow this mummy to be more thoroughly understood as both an artifact and a person.
After a study was conducted, it was discovered that she had died at a very young age. It had been discovered that this young 13 or 14 year old had a guinea worm (male) in her abdomen. After close study, researchers discovered that she had died not long after amputation of her legs and unsuccessful treatment to her dracunculiasis. The researchers uncovered two gilded nipple amulets as well as a false phallus included in the wrappings. That very little resin had been used and that very little skin remained, most was on the left hand.The skull was in fragments and the lower part of the legs was missing. Brightly painted slippers covered artificial feet of reeds and mud, likely the legs were amputated shortly before death. Her fingertips had gold coverings on them suggesting that she had probably come from a wealthy family. Mummy 1770 was not named.
AdditionalResearchers removed two layers of bandages and a mask, which was damaged on the right side, though the bones of the upper jaw and face were still intact, and a chest piece. Carbon dating put the bandages at about AD 380, but the body was 1300 years older, Egyptologists concluded that the the mummy was likely re-wrapped in the Roman era and the ambiguous sexual attribution of the mummy was a result of them realizing its import but not its identity.
April 10, 2017. 1770 (mummy). Wikipedia. September 21, 2017. Retrieved from, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1770_(mummy)
Studying Manchester Mummy 1770. Studying Mummy 1770 | Unwrapped: Manchester Mummy 1770 | The University of Manchester. September 21, 2017. Retrieved from, http://mummy1770.bmh.manchester.ac.uk/mummy1770/