Merenre Nemtyemsaf I
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Merenre I
Age Unknown
Sex Male
Status fourth king of the Sixth dynasty of Egypt
Height Unknown
Culture Unknown
Date(s) Born: estimated between 2352BCE and 2292BCE

Died: 2273 BCE

Site Saqqara Pyramid (south)
Current Location
Location Unknown
Catalog # Unknown

Merenre (meaning beloved of Re) ruled Ancient Egypt during the sixth dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Merenre I was the oldest surviving son of Pepi I and Ankhenespepi II. He may perhaps have married his aunt Ankhenespepi I, and his children were Iput II, Neith and Ankhenespepi III.

His pyramid, in Saqqara South, appears not to have been completed. Merenre I's mummy found inside the pyramid would be the oldest known complete royal mummy.


The mummy was reasonably well preserved when it was discovered. Some of the upper front teeth were missing, as well as the lower mandible. The chest of the mummy was smashed in by tomb-robbers who were looking for some valuables. The head was torn loose from the body. The arms of the mummy are stretched out along the body and, curiously, both feet are spayed outwardly. The fact that his feet were displayed like this could mean multiple things. Either, it could of been a deformity that the subject suffered in life, or they could have been placed this way by the embalmers. It could also have just been laid in such a manner by its discoverers prior to it being photographed. The cause has not been determined.

The mummy was also found to have a so-called 'side-lock', a juvenile affectation in ancient Egypt, which is normally a sign that the subject was a youth when he died. G. Elliot-Smith, the Australian anatomist who was in charge of examining the royal mummies, considered this mummy to be of a much later date, i.e. probably the 18th Dynasty. The preservation of the mummy and the way it was embalmed, does not seem to correspond with other human remains of the late Old Kingdom. This leaves some skeptic with the discovery of this mummy, and whether it really is Merenre I's.


Kinder, J. (2014, August 30). Biography of Merenre I. Retrieved November 20, 2017, from

Hill, J. (2011). Merenre I. Retrieved November 20, 2017, from

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