The preserved bodies of eight people who were buried in Qadisha Valley were found by a team of archaeologists and speleologists (specialist in caves) from the Groupe d'Etudes et de Recherches Souterraines du Liban in 1991.

Researchers believe the burial had been made around AD 1283 in a cave located in Hadath-El-Gibbet, Lebenon. At that time, the region was known as Tripoli, and the majority of its residents were Maronite Christians. Historically, the persecuted Maronites sought refuge in the Qadisha Valley’s many caves,

Scientists dubbed the first infant mummy Yasmine and they eventually discovered four more babies, three adult women, the skull of a man, and one fetus. Other artifacts from the cave included coins, ceramics, Syrian and Arabic manuscripts, household items.


The cave allowed for natural mummification because there were few organisms that could destroy organic matter and the humidity was low.

The mummies can be found at the Lebanese National Museum in Beirut


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