In the Museum of Fine Art in Budapest, Hungary is a collection of artefacts from the first Hungarian archaeological excavation in Egypt. The digs carried out in Sharuna and Gamhud in Central Egypt were initiated and financed by Fülöp Back, a businessman living in Cairo. He donated the greater part of the finds discovered during the expedition of 1907, including seven wall fragments from a Ptolemaic temple and twenty-five coffins containing mummies.

The Hungarian public was first able to view the Egyptian artefacts in the Ethnographic Repository of the National Museum in 1912, when the collection was exhibited in the Industrial Hall in Budapest’s City Park. In the early twentieth century, Egyptologist Ede Mahler suggested that the Egyptian artefacts of Hungarian public collections be united in one large collection. This only took place years later, in 1934, when some 1,200 Egyptian artefacts were transferred from the National Museum and other public collections to the Museum of Fine Arts. Hungary’s first permanent Egyptian collection, curated by Aladár Dobrovits, debuted in the Museum of Fine Arts five years later, in 1939.

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