Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) M1
Age 2,200 yo
Sex M
Status elite
Height 5 foot 5 inches
Culture Greek/Egyptian
Date(s) between 285 BC to 230 BC
Current Location
Location National Archaeological Museum in Lisbon
Catalog #

Portuguese academics and radiologists subjected an Egyptian mummy to high-resolution computerized tomography (CT) scanners, spotting tumors in the mummy’s pelvis and lumbar spine. The scans revealed that the 2,200-year-old Ptolemaic mummy designated M1 died sometime between the ages of 51 and 60, after cancer spread from his prostate to his bones.


The mummy was an adult male, five feet and five inches, who lived between 285 BC to 230 BC and died when he was between the ages of 51 to 60-years-old.

M1 was buried with a cartonnage mask and bib, and had a decoratively painted veil.


After performing high-resolution scans on three Egyptian mummies in the collection of the National Archaeological Museum in Lisbon, small, round, dense tumors were detected in M1's pelvis and lumbar spine, as well as in his upper arm and leg bones.

He suffered from lumbosacral osteoarthritis.

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