Lindow II

Lindow II
Human Mummy
Lindow Man.jpeg
Biographical Information
Name(s) Lindow II
Age 25
Sex Male
Status Unknown
Height 168 cm
Culture Unknown
Date(s) Death between 2 BC and AD 119
Site Lindow Moss bog
Current Location
Location North West England
Catalog # Lindow Man

He was a well-built man found in a peat bog that preserved his skin, hair, and many internal organs. The radiocarbon dating that was completed, showed that he died between 2 BC and AD 119. He had well manicured finger nails, which means that he did not carry out hard, manual work. His beard and moustache had been cut by a pair of shears, a few days prior. Since scissors were not commonly owned by all households during that time, his grooming indicated privilege. He was found naked with only an arm band made of fox fur; thus, without his clothes, his status in society could not be fully determined.


His body was mummified because the acidic, oxygen-free bog slowed the rate of decay. This was the most common preservation method because organic materials remained intact. The body will rapidly decaying after excavation, so the body was stored in cool conditions and sprayed with cold, distilled water during examinations. When the examinations were completed, he was extensively freeze-dried, then cleaned and repaired to be placed on display.


Lindow II was found by Andy Mould on August 1, 1984 and his body was transported to the British Museum for studying.

Life-sized facial reconstruction in wax, of Lindow Man by R.A.H. Neave
Through visual inspections of his body and X-rays, Lindow II was discovered to be struck twice at the top of his head, and once at the base of his skull. The blows were theorized to be from a narrow bladed axe. He also received a blow to his back, which broke one of his ribs. This blow was suggested to be from someone's knee. He also was tied around his neck with a thin cord, which could had been used to break or strangle his neck. The exact reason was undetermined, because after his death, his neck was cut. The cut could had been done to drain his blood. The sequence of events suggest that he may have been apart of a ritual killing, which left his body faced down in the bog. The ritual killing was argued to be apart of Druids's human sacrifice.


Although, there was no evidence that he was unwell during his death there was parasitic worms found in his stomach. By examining his interior cavity, his last meal included unleavened bread made from wheat and barley (which had been cooked over a fire), and pollen from a mistletoe plant. This little amount of stomach content meant that he only had a snack


The mummy is located at the top of the second floor staircase in the British Museum


Deem, J.M. (n.d.). Lindow Man. Retrieved June 13, 2015, from

The British Museum. (n.d.).Lindow Man. Retrieved June 13, 2015, from

Lindow Man

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