The Lady Irtyersenu mummy (also known as: Irtyersenu, Dr. Granville’s Mummy, and the Granville mummy), is an ancient Egyptian mummy laid in a wooden cabinet. The mummy is currently on display in the British Museum in London. She has actively been studied by physician and obstetrician, Dr. Augustus Bozzi Granville (1783–1872) and was the first ancient Egyptian mummy to receive an autopsy.
During mummification, studies of tissue samples found that there were mysterious foreign substances introduced. Granville also found that strangely, the mummies internal organs were still in situ thus suggests the mummification process to be unique.
Physician and obstetrician, Dr. Augustus Bozzi Granville (1783–1872), conducted an autopsy of the mummy in order to determine the cause of death. In one attempt, tissue was tested for Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein-2 using the ParaSight-F-test and results suggests that when she died she suffered from P. falciparum malaria that was never treated. However, results for malaria were inconclusive when retested in a broader study. Further studies have also been done to suggest there is evidence in the Lady Irtyersenu of a tuberculosis infection active at the time of her death and thus was very likely to be the cause.
In a scientific autopsy Granville stated her cause of death to be attributed from a tumour of the ovary. However, tuberculosis was likely to be the main cause of death due to the DNA evidence for Mycobacterium tuberculosis found in samples of lung tissue and the gall bladder.
- Irtyersenu was the first mummy from ancient Egypt to receive a scientific autopsy.
- The residual remains, organs and bones, of the Lady Irtyersenu are currently on display in the British Museum in London laid in a wooden cabinet.