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Koelbjerg Man
Human Mummy
Koelbjerg
Biographical Information
Name(s)
Age 20 to 25
Sex male
Status
Height 155-160cm (5"1-5"3)
Source
Culture Maglemosian
Date(s) 8000BC, 1941, 1983
Site Lake Lucerne
Current Location
Location Møntergården Museum, Denmark
Catalog #

Previously identified as Koelberg Woman, the Koelbjerg Man is the oldest known bog body and the oldest set of human bones found in Denmark, dating back to around 8000 BC. His remains are held in the Møntergården Museum in Odense, Denmark.

Mummification

The Koelbjerg Man's mummification is called bog body, which occurs when a body is trapped under unusual conditions, usually in a body of water. Conditions usually include highly acidic water, low temperatures, and lack of oxygen, resulting in tan, well-preserved skin.

Studies and Pathology

The complete body was not found, but anthropological investigations revealed the man's height of about 155-160cm (roughly 5"1 to 5"3). The skeleton revealed no signs of disease or malnutrition. An isotope analysis indicated that her diet mainly consisted of seafood (crustaceans, fish), and plants

In 1941, a pollen analysis was performed on the inside of the skull, dating the body back to Maglemosian culture (around 8000 BC). A Carbon 14 test in 1983 confirmed that the body was dated back to Maglemosian culture

There was no evidence of malnutrition or disease as well, the original full set of teeth was preserved with no evidence of tooth decay. The results of a strontium isotope analysis conclude that he likely lived in Funen (where the remains were discovered) and spent his entire life in the same area.

The Koelberg Man's bones were found in May of 1941 and were reported on May 21st to Fyns Stifts Museum where the bones were reconstructed by the staff..

Analysis concluded beyond doubt that the Koelbjerg body is that of a man and not a woman. On his death, the Koelbjerg man was fully grown and likely to have been in his late twenties.

Additional

  • The Koelbjerg Man is the oldest known bog body ever discovered.
  • 2.5km southwest of Lake Lucerne, remains of Maglemosian settlements were discovered, where many would have lived.


References

1. http://www.crystalinks.com/bogbodies.html http://www2.natmus.dk/saer/mislink/uvmateriale/koelbjer.htmhttp://archive.archaeology.org/online/features/bog/koelbjerg.html http://www.kulturarv.dk/fundogfortidsminder/Lokalitet/141623/

http://www.pkaj.dk/koelbjerg_kort.asp

https://www.academia.edu/35058746/Henriksen_M.B._and_J._Hansen_2017_En_10.000-%C3%A5rig_skifter_k%C3%B8n_et_portr%C3%A6t_af_jubilaren_fra_Koelbjerg._%C3%85rbogen_Odense_Bys_Museer_2017_s._69-83

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