| Khufu |
|Site||The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt|
Khufu’s full name was “Khnum-Khufwy” meaning Khnum 'Protects Me,' Khnum being the 'God of water, fertility and procreation.' Khufu was about 20 years old when he became the second pharaoh in the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt, reigning from about 2589-2566BC. He took the throne proceeding his father, Snefru. Khufu was son of Snefru and Queen Hetepheres I. Queen Meritates and Queen Henutsen were two of his three wives. Because of this, after Khufu died, the royal family was divided into three branches. Khufu had 9 sons and 16 daughters - one son with his primary wife, Kawab, who was next in line to receive kingship but died before the reign of his father was over. Thus, he was not able to claim his throne. Foul play by one of his brothers was of question.
During his reign, he was responsible for building The Great Pyramid of Giza - his best known legacy. However, with this came with a reputation of cruelty. It was said that he has used slavery of the Egyptian people to build this pyramid. Several other sources have documented that these manual labourers were well compensated for their work and were taken good care of. This 480 foot tall pyramid was a huge leap in the technology field and led Egypt to a highly sophisticated reputation. The Great Pyramid of Giza is actually known today as one of the seven wonders of the world.
Khufu died in 2566 BC. His cause of death is not certainly known. It is said that Khufu was mummified and placed in a sarcophagus, located in the King’s Chamber within The Pyramid of Giza. However, when people searched for his mummified body, the sarcophagus was found as empty. This leads to many theories and questions about his death and his remains, that are still unanswered.
Bayuk, A. (2004). Khufu. Retrieved from <http://www.guardians.net/egypt/khufu.htm>
Encyclopedia of World Biography. (2004). Khufu. Retrieved from <http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/khufu>
Hill, J. (2010). Ancient Egypt Online-Khufu . Retrieved from <http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/Khufu.html>
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. (2015). Khufu. Retrieved from <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Khufu>