Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Khnum-Nakht
Sex m
Status elite
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 1985-1773 BC
Site Deir Rifeh, Egypt
Current Location
Location Manchester Museum UK
Catalog #
Discovered in a tomb later called The Tomb of The Two Brothers, at Deir Rifeh, a village 250 miles (400km) south of Cairo, by Egyptian workmen directed by Egyptologists, Flinders Petrie and Ernest Mackay. Hieroglyphic inscriptions on the his coffin and second coffin, belonging to a man called Nekht-Ankh indicated that both men had mothers with the same name, Khnum-aa. Khnum-Nakht's hiroglyphs indicate that he was a 'Great Waab-priest' of the god Khnum and both his father and grandfather bore the title of mayor.


Scientists from the University of Manchester used DNA from the mummies' teeth to establish his relationship with Nekht-Ankh, Egyptologists have debated whether the mummies of the two men were related ever since they were discovered. They are indeed half-brothers, sharing the same mother but with different fathers.

Facial Reconstruction

The find was in Der Rifeh in Middle Egypt and originates from the 12th Dynasty (c.1985-1773 BC). The burial was the finest non-royal tomb found in that area.

Khnum-Nakht is an example of the poor standard of preservation achieved in the Middle Kingdom. There was very little remaining skin tissue and most of the remnants resolved into a fine powder at the unwrapping.


Khnum-Nakht's spine shows evidence of arthritis with abnormal curvature (scoliosis) in the thoracic region. Teeth revealed an extremely rare developmental abnormality - double gemination (fusion of the teeth); the two central teeth are abnormally large and the left one has two roots.

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