This ancient Egyptian man was found in the coffin of someone known as Kareset. Researchers had previously thought that female mummy was in the coffin, but recent scans show that it is a male mummy in the coffin, and that they may have suffered a rare disease. The mummy transfer may have occurred as a result of the antiquities trade in the 19th century to profit from Kareset's coffin without having the body, but at some point the mummy was transferred to the 2,300 year-old sarcophagus of a woman named Kareset.
The man went through the normal embalming procedures of the time. His brain was removed from his nose, linen packets were inserted in his body, and some organs were removed. Resin like fluid was also poured into his head and pelvis. The embalming process may have worsened the effect of the disease on the mans body.
This man shows signs of a rare, cancer-like disease, that may have also brought an onset of diabetes.
The mummy's body showed signs of Hand-Schuller-Christian disease. This is when a type of immune cells start to multiply rapidly and replace bone and other soft tissues. This left lesions on the skull and spine of the man. Along with the painful lesions, the man also likely suffered from diabetes. There is evidence of the pituitary gland being damaged. This is the third body found with evidence of Hand-Schuller-Christian disease, meaning that it was probably present in ancient times, as it is present now.
Jarus, O. (2012, April 27th). Ancient Egyptian Mummy Suffered Rare and Painful Disease. Live Science. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/19944-egyptian-mummy-rare-disease.html