Incan Woman
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Incan Woman
Age young adult
Sex F
Status Sacrifice
Culture Incan
Date(s) pre-Columbian
Site Bavarian State Archaeological Collection
Current Location
Location Peru
Catalog #

Allegedly, in the 1890s, Princess Therese of Bavaria received two mummies during her trip to South America. One has been lost, but the other was donated to the Anatomical Institute of the Ludwig-Maximilian's University.


A CT scan of a mummy shows that she was killed by blunt-force trauma to the head. The skull bones were destroyed and fell into her brain cavity where they remain.

Isotopes in her hair, which had been held with bands made of alpaca or llama hair, indicate that she lived near the coastline of Peru or Chile, and ate a diet high in seafood and maize.

A view of hair and hair ties

A hair strand over the last ten months of her life indicates a shift to a more “terrestric” nutrition pattern suggesting either a move from the coast or a change in her nutrition.

Radiocarbon dated 1451–1642.


She was dying from Chagas disease, caused by parasites, when she was killed. The heart and intestinal walls were thickened. She was likely killed in a ritual.


During World War II, the mummy suffered some damage, including the loss of both lower legs during bombing. All records were similarly destroyed, leaving only an identification number of the Anatomical Institute of the Munich University, #817/1904.

It was transferred to the Bavarian State Archaeological Museum in 1970.

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