Human Mummy

Sarcophagus Lid of Hornakht 2a
The sarcophagus lid of Hornakht
Biographical Information
Name(s) Hornakht
Age 8-9
Sex Male
Status Son of Osorkon II Egyptian Pharaoh
Height N/A
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) N/A
Site Osorkon II's Tomb
Current Location
Location Tanis
Catalog # N/A
Sarcophagus Lid of Hornakht 2a

Hornakht was the son of Osorkon II, pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty (945 BC–720 BC). His father used him to gain political power in lower Egypt. He sent him to work under the chief priest of Amun at Tanis. He was to be used as his father's eyes and ears in lower Egypt and would help his father maintain power. Hornakht died before he was 10, however, and his father had him buried in the tomb he would later use. Grave robbers were able to strip the sarcophagus of all its valuables, but the jewelry worn by Hornakht inside the wrappings were untouched.


Hornakht was Egyptian royalty, and was buried as such. The process would take seventy days and priest would treat and wrap the body all throughout this process. All the internal organs would be removed, except for the heart because it was believed to be he center of a person's being and their intelligence. The removed organs were then preserved in jars that would be buried with the mummy.


Dr. Douglas Derry, analyzed the skeleton in 1942 to determine its size, and to see if he could determine the way Hornakht died. The only conclusion draw was that Hornakht was 8-9 years old when he passed away.


During his analysis Dr. Derry did discover some abnormalities in Hornakht's remains. He had an abnormally large skull for his age, he had an extra rib which grew around his neck called a cervical rib, and his spine contained many abnormalities. It is unknown if any of this skeletal abnormalities were the cause of Hornakht's premature death.

External Links

To view what Hornakht's tomb looked like click here:


Egyptian Mummies. (n.d.). Retrieved October 30, 2017, from

Dobbin-Bennett, T. (2014). Rotting in hell: Ancient egyptian conceptions of decomposition (Order No. 3580664). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I: History. (1539974736). Retrieved from

Hornakht. (2017, June 15). Retrieved October 30, 2017, from

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