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Guimaral (A31655)
Human Mummy
Peruvian mummified male, c.1200-1400 Wellcome L0035650
Biographical Information
Name(s) Unknown but dubbed Guimaral
Age 17 to 25
Sex Male
Status High Status
Height Unknown
Source
Culture South American
Date(s) 1000–1470 CE
Site Bucasius mountain 3000 m above sea level
Current Location
Location Bucasius mountain
Catalog #

According to the auction sale catalogue of 1924, when “H Stow” acquired the mummy on behalf of Henry Wellcome, the unknown male youth was sold as a pair with another similar mummified ‘female’ body: A 31656.

The dubious description in the auction catalogue asserted: Guimaral was the first son of Mara, Chief of Maracaibo, having gained permission from his father to explore the surrounding countries he met the daughter of the Chief of Cucutas. Texts reveal both of them were discovered by Telmo Rodriguez in 1910 from a cane on the Bucasius mountain 3000 metres aboce sea level. This has been accepted as nothing more than a selling point and is highly unlikely to be the truth.

The mummy had holes in his ear for earrings and beaded decorations were present on his wrists and ankles.

Mummification

They were buried in the high altitude giving them a very good state of preservation. The dry altitude stopped any means of decaying and as a result; the brain, lungs diaphragm are still visible in the young male.

Studies

His bone development indicates an age of 17 to 25 and his teeth were scoop-shaped, this ‘shovelling’ being a typical trait of indigenous South Americans. He was clearly of high status: the hole in his ear indicates that he wore earrings, and beaded decorations are still present on his wrists and ankles.

External Links

https://wellcomecollection.org/articles/WqfrzCUAAPjnVqeT

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