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Gebelein Mummies
Human Mummy
Gebelein32754
Gebelein EA32754
Biographical Information
Name(s) Unknown
Age varied
Sex both
Status lower
Height varied
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) 3,400 BC
Site Gebelein
Current Location
Location British Museum
Catalog #
In addition to Gebelein Man and Gebelein Woman, four other predynastic natural mummies were discovered in 1895 excavations dating to approximately 3,400 BC. The mummies were given to the British Museum in 1900. The bodies were each found in fetal positions, and lying on their left sides. Three of the mummies were covered; one with reed matting, another with palm fibre, and the last with an animal skin, which still remain with the mummies. of the four only one is defined as male, the others are unconfirmed, but 'probably' male except for an adolescent whose gender is simply undetermined.

Mummification

All are naturally mummified by aridity and salinity.

Studies

EA32754 a male aged between 20-35 years, tufts of brown hair are present on the remains of the scalp, the teeth present are apparently healthy. There is a fracture of the anterior end of the 9th right rib. The fingers are flexed but several are missing, the left hand is detached at the wrist. Transverse fracture, lower end of the shaft of the right femur. Lines of arrested growth occur at the lower ends of the tibiae.

EA32753 is an adolescent of undetermined sex, some premolars missing, the caps of the teeth are worn. The body is bisected, all ribs are fractured. The spinal column is grossly dislocated and some of the vertebrae are missing. Linen packing is present in the thorax and abdomen. The left forearm is detached at the elbow joint. Fracture in the shaft of the left tibia and a fracture in the mid-shaft of the right femur. Lines of arrested growth are visible at the lower end of the tibiae. With remnants of basket-work.

EA32755 is an elderly adult and is the least well preserved of the six. The bones of this mummy are very decalicified. The body was probably placed in some form of wicker basket and covered with an animal skin, wicker and fur remnants being still present. Some patches of linen are also present on the body surface. All teeth present but caps appear worn. The spinal column shows some osteo-arthritic changes. Only the carpal bones of the left hand remains. Fracture of the left humerus. Legs detached, lines of arrested growth present in the upper end of the shafts of both tibiae.

EA32756 is probably male; remains of bandages survive near the neck, pelvis, and right ankle. Skull is detached from the body. Some of the upper and lower incisors are missing. Remaining teeth appear healthy. Many of the ribs are fractured. One of the arms is dislocated at the elbow joint and the left hand is detached at the wrist. Both feet detached. There is a fracture mid-shaft of the left femur. No lines of arrested growth.

External Links

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/earliest-figural-tattoos-discovered-5000-year-old-mummies-180968321/

https://research.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=125758&partId=1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gebelein_predynastic_mummies

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