Cleopatra Candace
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Cleopatra Candace
Age 17
Sex Female
Status Unknown
Height approx. 5' 2'
Culture Roman
Date(s) approx. 100-120 CE
Site Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Egypt, Africa
Current Location
Location The British Museum
Catalog # Unknown

Cleopatra Candace was a Roman period mummy. She is currently on display at the British Museum in the United Kingdom. She was the daughter of Candace and a member of the Cornelius Pollius family.

Cleopatra was found in a wooden coffin (tomb 32) in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna(Thebes), Egypt which was highly decorated. Inscriptions on her coffin state that she died at the age of 17. The maximum length of her coffin suggests that she may have been approximately 5 feet 2 inches. An earlier finding suggested that Cleopatra may have been 11 at the time of her death, however that was disregarded as the state of her skeleton indicated otherwise.


Limited information can be said about the body and limbs of Cleopatra; material under her bandages has made acquiring information difficult. No fractures are evident within her ribs, arms and legs. Her left hip is said to be dislocated due to tight bandaging. Her body cavity lacked transparency; it was wrapped in fine linen bandages and to ensure security of an outer cloak, bandages were wrapped in all directions. Her bandages were decorated with painted images of worshiped beings at the time she was living, a wooden comb, a string of berries, and a funerary wreath. The outer shroud was painted with a full face figure of the dead girl.


A comb and a necklace of beads were placed on the body inside the wooden coffin. The hieroglyphic inscription on the coffin gives Cleopatra’s age at death, for which a reading of 17 years, 1 month and 25 days has been proposed. X-ray studies using a CAT scanner show a skeletal development and a fusion of the ends of the long bones which is consistent with this age.

The skeleton appears to be in good conditions. The skull is tilted forward and the mouth is open. There are at least three packages in the right chest cavity, possibly the preserved internal organs. An object, about 9cm long, in the left chest cavity may be a roll of linen or a figurine. CAT scans also revealed the use of packing materials (probably mud or sand), which contribute to the substantial weight (about 75kg) of the mummy.

Additional Information

Exhibition: October 15, 1997- April 30 1998 Italy, Rome, Fondazione Memmo, Ancient Faces

Acquired 1823

  • Purchased from Henry Salt
  • Purchased from Joseph Sams

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