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Chiribaya Mummy
Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Unknown - due to over 100 mummies escavated
Age 55 - 60
Sex Male
Status Unknown
Height Approx 165.7cm (Averaged)
Source
Culture Peruvian
Date(s) 1000-1470 AD
Site Osmore Valley Cemeteries
Current Location
Location Peru/Chile
Catalog # Unknown

The Chiribayan group came to be after the collapse of the Tiwanaku empire around 1000-1470. These cultural groups occupied southern Peru and northern Chile. Moreover, the Chiribayan people were found in the Osmore drainage basin.

Mummification

In the years from 1980 - 1990 multiple excavations were taken place. Over 134 human mummies and there remains were found at the site of Chiribaya Alta. These mummies were placed in their everyday clothes for that time and in a sitting position. As Aufderheide (2003) states, the mummies were, "in underground cists containing capstones and stone-lined walls with a dirt floor" (p. 116).

Pathology

This specific mummy had intentional cranial deformation and osteoarthritis of the joints - this was a common occurrence amongst the group found. As well, it is found that he died from, or was greatly affected by, infectious lesions or osteomyelitis of the maxilla and mandible.

External Links

Photo - https://anthropologynet.files.wordpress.com/2008/02/chiribaya-mummy-with-lice.jpg

References

Aufderheide, A. C. (2003). The scientific study of mummies. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.ca/books?id=P_xj3QTHHvoC&pg=PA114&lpg=PA114&dq=bolivian+mummies&source=bl&ots=BrISzCwlCs&sig=Wr4lht6cdU0xstBd8lEXzt4a9qI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwinzougrOHSAhVo7YMKHXPBBKkQ6AEIMjAH#v=onepage&q&f=false

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