|Cheddar Man |
|Date(s)||c. 7150 BC|
|Site||Cheddar Gorge, UK|
Cheddar Man is the name given to the remains of a human male found in Gough's Cave in Cheddar Gorge, Somerset, England. The remains date to the Mesolithic, approximately 7150 BC, he is to date the most ancient complete modern human skeleton from Britai.n
Excavated in 1903, the remains are kept by the Natural History Museum in London, but are not currently on display.
Mitochondrial DNA carried haplogroup U5, found in ~10% of modern Europeans, and U5 is still found in present-day Britons living near Cheddar Gorge. DNA analysis suggests Cheddar Man has the genetic markers of skin pigmentation and pale eyes, "not a surprising conclusion, but neither is definitive."
The death of Cheddar Man remains a mystery. A hole in his forehead suggests violence, or an infection, or from damage at the time of excavation.