| Brazilian Mummy |
|Age||500 - 600 years ago|
|Site||Lapa do Boquete, Minas Gerais State, Brazil|
The body was loosely flexed, wrapped in plant leaves, and buried with baskets. The man’s head was wrapped in plant fibers. Numerous artifacts were buried with him, including a dart thrower (atlatl), containers made of gourds, a ceramic pot, and numerous tools. The arms, legs, abdominal skin, and some muscles were well preserved and he was partially mummified.
StudiesThe mummy was an adult male, dated by radiocarbon method to 560±40 years ago.
Hookworm infection in pre-Columbian populations was previously known, but this was the first evidence of Echinostoma species eggs found in human coprolites. The Study examined the body to discover these and realize the conclusion.
Healed fractures of the foot phalanges were identified, there were no skeletal signs of violence. Lumbar spondylosis was observed. Researchers observed pronounced dental wear, caries, and dental abscesses. A large fecal mass, illustrated via CT-scan, suggested that the individual experienced megacolon at the time of death.