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Baroda Mummy
Human Mummy
Egyptian-mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Baroda Mummy
Age 20+
Sex Female
Status Elite
Height 148 cm
Source
Culture Egyptian
Date(s) Unknown
Site Unknown
Current Location
Location Baroda Musem and Picture Gallery, Varodra
Catalog # None
Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the ruler of the city of Gujarat, India bought this mummy (now known as the Baroda Mummy) from a museum in New York in 1895. It is housed in the ancient section of Baroda Museum & Picture Gallery in the city of Vadodara and is a relatively well-preserved mummy. The linen wrappings are still intact (for the most part) and the mummy is quite heavy which indicates its internal abdominal padding is quite dense. This also suggests that she was among the elites of her time. X-Ray reconstructions estimate her age before death to be around 20 years.

Mummification

Traditional Egyptian mummification including linen cloth coverings and paintings on the sarcophagus were part of the mummification process. She also underwent brain removal likely through the nose. It is also likely that the mummy’s skin was exposed to natron to dry it for preservation. It was then placed in an elaborately decorated sarcophagus as illustrated in the image to the right. Records also indicate the mummy once had a cartonnage funerary mask, however it is now lost.

Pathology

X-ray analysis showed two possible fractures. Both in the same arm, one on the radius the other on the ulna. Evidence of any other disease or trauma was not found.

Additional

Although the mummy is stored in relatively good conditions (when compared to other mummies in India), about fifty years ago someone unwrapped its toes, which in-turn, led to a buildup of white fungi. This likely occurred because the museum has a very high concentration of aeromycoflora (fungi in the air). Furthermore, this led to deterioration of the mummy’s toes.


References

Arya, A., Shah, A. R., & Sadasivan, S. (2001). Indoor aeromycoflora of Baroda museum and deterioration of Egyptian mummy. Current Science, 81(7), 793–799.

Baroda Museum and Art Gallery. (n.d.-a). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from https://www.mapsofindia.com/vadodra/travel-guide/baroda-museum-and-art-gallery.html

Baroda Museum and Art Gallery. (n.d.-b). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from https://www.mapsofindia.com/vadodra/travel-guide/baroda-museum-and-art-gallery.html

Mummification. (n.d.-b). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/page1.html

Mummification. (n.d.-c). Retrieved from http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/page1.html

Six museums in India that house Egyptian mummies. (2016, July 7). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from http://mywanderlust.com/six-museums-in-india-that-house-egyptian-mummies/ surendra thakur. (n.d.). Picture 146.avi THE MUMMY 1313131313. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qnOpUy2Wyo

The Mummy returns : STATES - India Today 17082009. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/The+Mummy+returns/1/55523.html

The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) | 7days | Mummies in a mess. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from https://www.telegraphindia.com/1101212/jsp/7days/story_13289211.jsp

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