Human Mummy
Biographical Information
Name(s) Artemidorus
Age 18-21
Sex male
Status Geographer/Professional Diviner
Height 171 cm
Culture Greek Egyptian
Date(s) 100-120 AD
Site Hawara, Egypt
Current Location
Location The British Museum, London, UK
Catalog # YCA5538
'Farewell, Artemidorus', a translation of the Greek inscription on the casing along with a portrait of a young mans face, preserve the identity of the 18-21 year old mummified human. The mummy case is dated to be around 100-120 AD, in the Roman period and was discovered by Flinders Petrie in Hawara, Egypt.


A clash of cultural influences is shown through the mummification of Artemidorus with use of a Roman
type portrait, the inscription of his Greek name, along with Traditional Egyptian mummification and art styles on the casing.


Maintaining the sealed state of the casing, CT scans were performed on the mummy revealing evidence of damage to the bones around the nose and back of the head. Artemidorus was believed to be around 20 years of age upon death, which is also represented through the portrait of a young looking man.


The damage to the head shows no sign of healing, indicating that it occurred around the time of death or was the cause of death. This reveals the possibility that some form of physical trauma such a assault is what led to death, however it could also be the result of damaging mummification practices.


Designs were painted on the wood with the use of a wax pigment, as well as egg to harden it. The Egyptian style art scenes were created using gold leaf.


Cormack, R. (2007). Icons. Cambridge, Massachusette: Harvard University Press.

R Mazza (2013, May 9). Life and Death in Roman Egypt: Artemidoros and his family [Web log post]. Retrieved from

Jones, J. (2001, November 24). Artemidorus (100-120). The Guardian. Retrieved from

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