Pharaoh of Egypt, whose reign was from 1427 – 1401 BC. He is the son and successor of Thutmose III. Amenhotep is well known for his physical and military achievements, his numerous campaigns in Asia and his suppression of revolting tribes. During his rule, he also built a number of new sanctuaries in Egypt and Nubia, and added his temple in Thebes. Overall, his reign was characterized by peace and prosperity.
The tomb of Amenhotep was discovered by French Egyptologist Victor Loret in 1898. Amenhotep was found in his sarcophagus. His tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt, a place where pharaohs and wealthy Egyptian nobles would construct their tombs. Amenhotep’s mummy remained untouched until guards plundered into the tomb in 1901. Amenhotep was one of the only pharaohs whose mummy has survived the constant tomb robbery. However, the mummy was damaged. The head was broken off; the front abdominal wall was missing; the spine was broken as well as the right leg was separated from the body. His mummy shows that the king was tall for his times since the mummy stood 1.8m in height.
Studies of the mummy have shown that at the time of the pharaoh’s death, his hair was graying and he had developed a bald spot on the back of his head. His mummy also showed that unlike his father Thutmose III, Amenhotep II retained his genitals and had been circumcised. Howard Carter, an English archaeologist was also able to track down the tomb robbers using clues in the tomb such as the foot imprints.
Research indicated that he led an active and relatively long life, but distinctive patterns of ossification were seen along the vertebra in the mummified remains of Amenhotep II of the 18th dynasty, indicating a degenerative type of arthritis seen in people aged 60 years and older.
He is sometimes referred to by Amenhotpe II, or the Greek version of his name, Amenophis II.