Standard mummification practices of the the age and culture.
Researchers from the University of Tuebingen and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History sampled the mummified remains from Abusir el-Meleq. The samples were subjected to a new DNA sequencing technique that allowed the team to successfully recover full genome-wide data sets from three individuals and mitochondria genomes from 90 individuals in order to test if the incursion from Alexander the Great or other foreign powers had left a genetic imprint on the ancient Egyptian population. The findings indicated Egyptians did not undergo any major shifts during the 1,300 year time span studied. Ancient Egyptians were closely related to Anatolian and Neolithic European populations, as well showing strong genetic traces from the Levant areas such as Turkey and Lebanon. Quite different from modern Egyptians who share about 8 percent of their DNA with Sub-Saharan African populations.